KIDNEYS DISEASES

 

  • Glomerulonephritis

  • Nephrotic syndrome

  • Pyelonephritis

  • Chronic renal failure

  • Polycystic kidneys

  • Urolithiasis

  • Kidney tumors.

 


 

* GLOMERULONEFRITIS


Glomerulonephritis is glomerular lesion that means lesion of the basic renal unit (glomeruli) where blood is filtered. Each kidney consists of millions of glomerulus’s that are tiny blood vessels in which they filtrate useful substances and release the urine of unwanted substances. These are divided into diffuse glomerulonephritis in which the disease spreads around the kidney and focal where the disease is detected at one point. Diffuse glomerulonephritis divided in turn into :


a) Proliferative where there is proliferation of glomerulus cells and infiltration with leukocytes.


B) Crescent formation which are multiplying cells of the capsule surrounding glomerulus. The disease is rapidly progressive and of severe prognosis.


C) Membrane alteration characterized by thickening of the basic glomerulus’s membrane.


Thrombotic lesions of focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis are the result of polyarthritis or generalized erythematosus lupus.


Diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis characterized by proteinuria, hematuria, edema and hypertension. Usually 10-15 days before these symptoms develop, throat infection proceeding by the bacteria called beta-hemolytic streptococcus. The disease is most common in children aged 3-7 years. In these patients glomerulus’s displayed IgG antibodies with granular configuration. Rare complications of this disease are acute pulmonary edema, brain hypertension and renal failure. The disease occurs at 90% in children in mild form. 7-10 days later swelling disappears and blood pressure returns to normal. Proteinuria may persist for 2-3 months yet. But if both proteinuria and hematuria is kept for over 12 months, then there is the possibility of transition to chronic disease state. The kidneys increase in size, become pale and histological lesions developed crescent diffuse glomerulonephritis.

Treatment is absolute rest until swelling, hypertension, and hematuria subsides. However, keeping patients in bed should not exceed 2-3 weeks. Patient diet is free of salt and the amount of fluid restricted. It is considered that antibiotics eradicate any streptococcus. If there are complications such as hypertension or pulmonary edema anti-hypertensive and digoxin are recommended. For renal failure, patient’s peritoneal dialysis recommended. If anuria is extended for weeks, hemodialysis is the result for patient. Cortisone, anti-coagulants and immunosuppressant used in severe cases are unable to influence the deteriorating progression of the disease.


Homeopathy treats glomerulonephritis if the disease does not develop anatomical lesions. But even in that case, homeopathy ceases disease’s progression and prevents complications. Glomerulonephritis origin, that means streptococcal or due to systemic lupus erythematosus, plays important role in full recovery. It is denoted that streptococcal infection will be cured in short time, while in the second case; immune system will need more time to strengthen, confront and ultimately defeat lupus erythematosus. Patients who use cortisone will have to stop it before starting homeopathy. With homeopathy treatment accomplished, IgG antibodies and vascular lesions will disappear. Swelling will disappear permanently and blood pressure will equilibrate at low levels.



* NEPHROTIC SYNDROME



Is a syndrome characterized by heavy proteinuria, albuminuria, and edema. Usually hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia coexists. Anatomical lesion of this syndrome is damage of glomerulus’s basal membrane. Nephrotic syndrome is a manifestation of primary glomerulonephritis and occurs 75% in adults and 90% in children. Histologically glomerulonephritis characterized by membrane proliferation, hyperplasia and sclerosis. These glomerulonephritis leading to glomerulus’s damage resulting renal failure. Other nephritic syndrome causes are a) The metabolic and systemic diseases such as diabetes, amyloidosis, erythematosus lupus b) Chemical drugs such as antiepileptics c) anti-inflammatory d) chemotherapy

Nephrotic syndromes clinical picture is stable edema, ascites, pleural fluid and orthostatic hypotension. Possible complications include infection and renal failure.

The cure is food without salt, and diuretics. In adults are used steroids for proteinuria treatment. But this treatment is temporary, and soon proteinuria reappears. Then a powerful antibiotic called cyclofosfamide is used. However this chemical drug causes an overall drop of white blood cells and platelets. The combination of cyclophosphamide and cortisone is also used as treatment in glomerulonephritis derived from generalized lupus erythematosus. This treatment causes a side effect of sterilization in women due to ovarian atrophy, and azoospermia in men. It is understood that formal medical treatments can not stop the continuous deterioration of this chronic renal disease, but medicine while trying to control the disease create other worse side effects such as sterilization.


Homeopathy treats the disease without causing side effects. Of course in such serious diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, the cause is not unique. That means that during the course of a patient's life unhealthy illnesses accumulate in. When a patient with a chronic condition such as nephrotic syndrome, first time apply in homeopathy for help, he mention currently symptoms strongly disturbed as an example: lower limbs swelling or blood pressure. When the patient takes the appropriate homeopathy remedy previous symptoms will improve and older symptoms will appear which patient had forgotten, and so forth. This is the process of homeopathy in chronic diseases such as nephrotic syndrome. Homeopathy therapy has no side effects at all. If the disease will not improve, at least disease’s deterioration ceases. Thereby, patient and his relatives will find that the laboratory values ​​do not deteriorate anymore. At best, laboratory tests will be improved as well as patient’s immune system strengthens.



* PYELONEFRITIS



Pyelonephritis is urinary tract infection. This infection is more common in women than in men. Many women experience repeated episodes of cystitis which forces them to often take antibiotics. Initially the situation is attributed to inflammation of the urethra. But due to long-term use of antibiotics, the infection spreads to the kidney which is a deeper body organ. When children have repeated episodes of pyelonephritis then the case of vesicoureteral reflux is investigated. That means that during urination, increases urine pressure in the bladder, thus urine impelled to the ureters. This attitude leads to urinary infection. Contaminated urine promoted to the ureters and renal pelvis. In the case of acute pyelonephritis, the patient presents with fever, chills, frequent urination and pain in kidney area. The disease disappears after 2 weeks of antibiotic therapy. Potential complication in debilitated patients is septicemia that is widespread infection of the whole body. Chronic pyelonephritis occurs after repeated episodes of acute pyelonephritis. Many times misdiagnosis of urinary tract infection in childhood and high incidence of vesicoureteral reflux in children are responsible for the development of chronic pyelonephritis. Both chronic pyelonephritis and renal failure in adults is the result of acute silent pyelonephritis during childhood. Histologically kidney shape is deformed, forming scars and tough vessels causing hypertension. Lesions may involve both kidneys, and more often only one. The patient lives for many years without symptoms until some time to develop chronic failure or hypertension. Then complain of weakness, anorexia, thirst and polyuria due to failure of the kidney come out. Acute renal failure treatment is accomplished with antibiotics and sometimes especially in children with vesicoureteral reflux, antibiotics are often given for one year period. Regarding chronic pyelonephritis, also treated with antibiotics at lower doses but these are toxic especially in patients with chronic renal failure.


Homeopathy disagrees with the way pyelonephritis encountered, because it leads to a worsening of the disease. Homeopathy believes that children’s immune system should be strong enough to affront urinary tract infection before reach adultness. If we give this power through homeopathy to the immune system, we would not experience pyelonephritis, renal failure or hypertension again. We should give homeopathy remedies in childhood when children get sick, and we should have later healthy adults. Now day’s children with antibiotics accumulated in their blood will be healthy adults only by chance.

Today adults with chronic pyelonephritis, hypertension and renal failure, are promised by homeopathy, that they will no more be deteriorated by the disease. With homeopathy patient feel more energy and with low pressure. Of course in such surcharged patients, homeopathy can not reverse damage that had been occurred during a lifetime. But homeopathy may offer a better life by avoiding frequent hospital admissions, dialysis inconvenience and possible transplantation. In short, offers dignity in chronic renal sufferer.



* CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE



Chronic renal failure is the progressive loss of renal function. Laboratory characterized by increased values ​​of creatinine and decreased glomerular filtration. When the glomerular filtration rate falls below 15 ml / min, then the patient is considered to have reached the end stage renal disease, the compensation mechanisms of the body are not enough anymore, electrolyte disturbances occur, and should begin the hemodialysis process. In renal failure due to elecrolytes disruption, secretion of parathyroid hormone is increased. The increased parathyroid hormone secretion creates bones adverse effect, because it causes calcium loss and ultimately osteoporosis. Currently the case is called secondary hyperparathyroidism. Clinical manifestations of renal failure are power loss, anemia, anorexia, hypertension, and weakness of mental concentration, peripheral neuropathy manifested as sensation loss, muscle weakness and dry skin. Treatment of renal failure is the strict diet known in the medical world as Giovanetti diet, which causes symptoms remission and urea reduction. But this food diet is not eaten by the patient happily. We induce Giovanetti diet when creatinine clearance values falls below 5 ml / lit. Then we provide patient with 18-20 grams of protein of excellent biological value in the form of 300 ml milk. Milks protein contains essential amino acids. The use of ordinary bread and pasta is prohibited because they deliver a low biological protein value. Instead we use gluten-free pasta. Rice and potatoes are used richly. If renal failure is pyelonephritis result, salt in food is not prohibited, because these patients lose with urine large amounts of sodium. But if kidney failure is glomerulonephritis result, then salt should be limited because in this case sodium excretion in the urine is small. Limiting potassium is required only in case of high hyperkalemia, which happens in advanced stages of renal failure. In this case you should avoid fruit juices and meat broth. When kidney failure is in early stage, patients urinate enough and therefore should drink about 3 liters of water daily. In the advanced stages of renal failure due to severe reduction of glomerular filtration, the amount of urine is reduced and thus liquid reduction is necessary


Pharmaceuticals in renal failure are erythropoietin for anemia, bicarbonate or sodium citrate to metabolic acidosis and vitamin D for the control of renal hyperparathyroidism.

When despite all dietary and pharmacological efforts renal function is deteriorating, the next step for patient is a special dialysis center.


The role of homeopathy in chronic renal failure is to cease the loss of renal function and in very severe and complicated cases the patient to delay hemodialysis as late as possible. Ideally patient should contact homeopathy before advanced renal failure, but unfortunately patients are directed to homeopathy in the late stages when nephrologists communicate that is no time to delay for hemodialysis. Ideally, patients should contact homeopathy when they feel the first symptoms of indisposition. If this were the case, homeopathy would have created a stronger renal function which would never result failed. However in the severe renal impairment the disease reversal depends on the body reserve and from chemical drugs patient has taken during his life and continues to take. Reversed renal failures by homeopathy are those that show clear homeopathy symptoms and patients receive little chemical drugs. Certainly homeopathic treatments are difficult in such a sensitive and emotionally charged situation, especially because patient is pressed by nephrologists to create a vain – artery communication called ‘fistula’ and thus compelled to get antibiotics and consequently stop homeopathy treatment. Faced with this dilemma, patient may be under pressure from his family environment. But homeopathy takes time to act until patient harvest the beneficial effects. For this reason, give time to homeopathy and endure the pressure. 


* MULTICYSTIC KIDNEYS



The polycystic kidney disease has a frequency of 0.1% in the population and genetically transmitted as a dominant character (it is certain that children whose parents had multicystic kidneys will get some time in their lives this disease). Normally appears bilaterally. Clinically manifested from childhood into adulthood, the patient complains for renal colic, hematuria, hypertension, or swelling of the abdomen. Treatment is mainly to prevent the complications of the disease. Pharmacologically hypertension and possible infections are controlled.


Homeopathy can not do many things regarding treatment if the disease is genetically determined and transmitted with dominant character. But homeopathy can extend life expectancy and lengthen the time which patient will develop renal failure and hemodialysis arises.



* NEPHROLITIASIS



Formation of kidney stones affects 5% of the general population. Phosphate or calcium oxalate is the most important ingredient for stones formation. The other ingredients are uric acid, cysteine, and magnesium. Approximately the cause of 5% calcium stone formation is hyperparathyroidism. Most often the cause of stone formation is unknown. In 80% of cases hypercalciuria produced without a corresponding increase in hypercalcemia that is calcium blood increasing. However, urinary excretion of uric acid due to excessive intake of meat, fish and poultry cause stone formation in 20% of patients. Probably uric acid crystals are produced where calcium oxalate is deposited. At a rate of 5-7% hypercalciuria exist with elevated blood calcium levels. In these cases coexist, hyperparathyroidism, hypervitaminosis D, or sarkoidosis. Uric acid is a weak acid which diverge in uric acid ester and protons. Non-separated uric acid is insoluble and forms stones. Chronic ureter inflammation formulates stones containing ammonium, magnesium and calcium. A prerequisite for stones formation is PH above 8. Often these stones found in renal calyx. Stones movement causes the characteristic pain known as kidney colic. Medicines target is to prevent the formation of kidney stones, whatever the reasons of their formation. Patients are advised to drink large quantities of water and consume a diet low in sodium because excess sodium can cause calcium excretion. Ureters inflammation should be treated immediately. In the case of idiopathic (without known cause) hypercalciuria diuretics and diet low in salt should be given. The surgical removal of stones or lithotripsy is necessary when creating such ureters obstruction.


The position of homeopathy is important both to prevent the initial formation of stones and their rebuild. Homeopathy remedy, smooth the functioning of the urinary system and creates conditions that crystals of oxalate and calcium phosphate are not produced. Strengthens immune system to avoiding creating inflammation and keep PH in a position that does not affect stones formation. In the case of stones already formed, create the conditions needed to move and be excreted in the urine normalizing renal function.



* KIDNEYS CANCER


The most malignant kidney mass is adenocarcinoma or Grawitz tumor (Grawitz was a German doctor during the Second World War who fulfilled experiments on people causing cancer) derived from the epithelium of the urinary tubules.


This tumor can be extended to the lymph nodes, lung, bone, brain, liver and other organs. The diagnosis is made clinically because of the palpable mass and hematuria. The treatment is surgery and chemotherapy usually does not restore



The Wilms tumor or nephroblastoma affects children under three years. Wilms tumor represents 20% of malignant tumors of childhood. Hematuria coexists. The prognosis is poor. The five-year survival did not exceed 5%.



The position of homeopathy certainly is not the cure. But it may help prolong survival time after surgery and contribute to reducing outbreaks of disease, slowing the metastatic human mechanism.